Heller, Joseph Elijah
- (1888-1957)British Hebrew writer. He was born in Lithuania and lived in Russia and Germany. In 1938 he moved to London, where he edited the Zionist organization's journal, Tarbut, and taught. He published studies of Jewish and general philosophy, and translated several of Plato's dialogues into Hebrew.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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HELLER, JOSEPH ELIJAH — (1888–1957), Hebrew writer. Born in Ponivezh, Lithuania, Heller was a graduate of Berlin University, and lived in Russia and Germany, where he was one of the editors of the Encyclopaedia Judaica (German) and of the Enẓiklopedyah Yisre elit Eshkol … Encyclopedia of Judaism
KARAITES — (Heb. בַּעֲלֵי מִקְרָא ,בְּנֵי מִקְרָא ,קָרָאִים, Qaraʾim, Benei Miqra, Ba alei Miqra; Ar. Qarāʾiyyūn), Jewish sect which came into being toward the middle of the ninth century. (See Map: karaite Settlement). Its doctrine is characterized… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… … Universalium
CAMPEN, JOHANNES VAN° — (also Campensis, de Campo, Transislanus; 1490–1538), Dutch Hebraist and theologian. Van Campen, who may have begun to learn Hebrew during his school years, was a student of J. Reuchlin and studied also at the new Trilingual College of the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
CARVALHO, MORDECAI BARUCH — (c. 1705–1785), Tunisian rabbi and author. Carvalho was one of the most distinguished pupils of Isaac lumbroso . He served with him as a dayyan of the community of Leghorn in Tunis, and later became his successor (1752). He wrote: (1) To afot Re… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HOECHHEIMER, MOSES BEN ḤAYYIM COHEN — (c. 1750–1835), rabbi and Hebrew grammarian, known by his Hebrew pseudonym Hekhim (Heb. הֶעְכִים). Born at Hoechheim (Franconia, Germany), Hoechheimer served as dayyan in Fuerth and in 1793 became rabbi of Ansbach where he remained until his… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
DAVID BEN SAUL — (first half of 13th century), talmudic scholar who lived in Provence. David was a disciple of solomon b. abraham of montpellier and, together with him and jonah b. abraham gerondi , actively opposed Maimonides philosophic writings. He is quoted… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
GERONDI, ZERAHIAH BEN ISAAC HA-LEVI — (12th century), rabbinical scholar and poet. His father, ISAAC HAYIẒHARI ben ZERAHIAH HA LEVI GERONDI, was a Hebrew poet and talmudic scholar in Spain. His poetry was included in the rites of the communities of Avignon, Carpentras, Montpellier,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
LUTHER, MARTIN° — (1483–1546), German religious reformer. During the first period of his activity (approximately 1513–23), Luther often condemned the persecution of the Jews and recommended a more tolerant policy toward them, based on the spirit of true Christian… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BALMES, ABRAHAM BEN MEIR DE — (c. 1440–1523), physician, philosopher, translator, and grammarian. His grandfather, also called Abraham de Balmes (d. 1489), mentioned repeatedly in the royal records between 1463 and 1480, was court physician to King Ferdinand I of Naples… … Encyclopedia of Judaism